Residents Should Prepare for Extreme Cold, Winter Weather in Forecast
Published on 20 December 2022 00:00
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
December 20, 2022
INDIANAPOLIS – With extremely cold temperatures and other winter weather conditions expected Thursday through the weekend, the Marion County Public Health Department advises residents to take the necessary precautions now to protect themselves and others.
When temperatures drop, especially below freezing, time spent outside should be limited and exposed skin should be covered as much as possible. Adults and children should wear a hat; a scarf or knit mask to cover the face, mouth, and neck; mittens or gloves; a water-resistant coat and boots; and several layers of loose fit clothing. It also is very important to stay dry since wet clothing chills the body quickly.
“Serious health problems such as hypothermia and frostbite can result if a person is exposed to cold temperatures for a long period of time,” said Virginia A. Caine, M.D., director and chief medical officer of the Marion County Public Health Department. “It is especially important for the very old and very young to be in a warm place.”
Infants younger than one year old should never sleep in a cold room because they lose body heat more easily than adults. Infants are also unable to create heat by shivering, like adults. Infants should have a warm room for sleeping and dress them in warm clothing. Using extra blankets or soft bedding can increase the risk of smothering.
Any person with older relatives or neighbors, or who knows someone with special needs, should check to make sure they have adequate heat in their living space.
Warning signs for hypothermia in adults include shivering, exhaustion, confusion, fumbling of hands, memory loss, slurred speech, and drowsiness. In infants, warning signs for hypothermia include red, cold skin and very low energy. If a person’s body temperature falls below 95 degrees, seek medical attention immediately.
Any exposed skin that shows signs of redness or pain could be the result of frostbite. Other indications of frostbite are a white or grayish-yellow skin area, skin that feels unusually firm or waxy, or numbness. A person with symptoms of frostbite should seek medical care. Often, a person is unaware of frostbite until someone else notices because the skin is numb.
Residents are encouraged to take steps to help prevent water pipes in the home from freezing:
- Leave faucets or water taps on a continuous drip
- Open cabinet doors beneath the kitchen sink or other areas of the home
- Keep the thermostat set at the same temperature during both day and night
- Keep garage doors closed if there are water supply lines in the garage
- Disconnect garden hoses and, if possible, shut off and drain water from pipes leading to outside faucets
Residents should also take extra caution if they have heating units that burn fuel, such as natural gas, kerosene, oil or wood. These can all be a source of carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas that can cause illness or death. Failure to properly maintain and operate fuel-burning heating sources could potentially release dangerous levels of carbon monoxide into the home. It is very important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions, especially any ventilation requirements.
If using a space heater, do not place it within three feet of anything that can catch fire, such as drapes, furniture or bedding. Keep electric space heaters away from water and do not place them on top of furniture. Be sure the cord is not a tripping hazard, but do not run it under carpets or rugs. And avoid using extension cords to plug in a space heater.
If there is a power failure, use battery-powered flashlights or lanterns rather than candles, if possible. Candles can lead to house fires. Never leave lit candles unattended.
Never use generators inside the home or garage. Generators should be located outdoors at least 20 feet from any window, door, or vent and in a space where rain and snow will not reach them. Stay protected from carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning by installing a battery-operated CO alarm.
Cold temperatures can also be extremely dangerous for pets. Bring pets inside or provide them adequate shelter to keep them warm, and make sure they have access to fresh, unfrozen water. Exposed skin on noses, ears and paw pads can quickly freeze and suffer permanent damage.
Everyone is reminded to pay close attention to the latest weather conditions by monitoring local weather forecasts and making alternate travel plans, if warranted.
More information is available by accessing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Extreme Cold Guide at CDC.gov.
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